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Ins and Outs of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)!

ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder), is a behavior disorder that often appears in childhood with symptoms of irritability and offense. ODD sufferers also often show defiance and revenge. Children with ODD symptoms should take treatment for ODD.

ODD Causes and Risk Factors:

  • Suffering from brain dysfunction, such as an abnormal function of chemicals in the brain ( neurotransmitters ).
  • Experiencing an injury to the brain that causes interference in the part of the brain that functions to provide judgment, judgment, and emotional control
  • Have parents with a history of ADHD, bipolar disorder, depression, or substance abuse
  • Having a mother who smoked while pregnant
  • Suffer from nutritional deficiencies

Meanwhile, several psychological factors that are believed to trigger ODD are:

  • Disharmony in the family
  • Lack of attention from parents
  • Inability to establish social relationships

Meanwhile, social factors that are thought to trigger ODD include:

  • Poverty
  • Abuse
  • Abandonment
  • Inconsistent discipline
  • Living in an unkind or violent environment

ODD symptoms

  • It’s easy to lose your temper
  • Easily angry, irritated, and offended
  • Very sensitiveand easily annoyed
  • Often annoys and annoys other people
  • Often argues with older people
  • Often refuses to obey orders or rules
  • Often blames others for his own mistakes
  • Often shows grudges or hatred towards others

When to see a doctor

Consult a doctor if your child shows any of the above symptoms or if you have difficulty educating and directing children to behave appropriately.

Treatment for odd

ODD treatment depends on the patient’s age, severity, and ability to follow therapy. Therapy can last for several months or more with the involvement of parents or family.

Doctors will usually combine several types of therapy treatment for ODD patients, such as:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy to improve the patient’s mindset and behavior, as well as improve his ability to communicate and solve problems
  • Parent and child interaction therapy teaches parents good ways to interact with children
  • Family therapy improves parents’ ability to educate and raise children and improves relationships and communication between family members.
  • Social skills therapy to improve the patient’s ability to interact with others

Doctors can also prescribe medication if other mental disorders, such as ADHD or depression, accompany ODD. However, keep in mind that medication alone cannot treat ODD.

For therapy to provide more effective results, parents can do the following:

  • Set an example of good behavior in children
  • Avoid things that can trigger an argument with the child
  • Praise the child’s positive behavior, for instance, when he tidies up his toys
  • Give reasonable punishment to children, such as reducing their allowance, if they behave badly
  • Consistently spending memorable time with children
  • Building cooperation with families and teachers in schools to educate childrento be disciplined


ODD is important to be treated early. If not, ODD can increase the risk of sufferers experiencing behavioral disorders or other mental disorders, such as conduct disorders.


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