A polygraph, prominently alluded to as a lie identifier, measures and records a few physiological files, for example, circulatory strain, heartbeat, breath, and skin conductivity while the subject is solicited and answers an arrangement from questions. The conviction supporting the utilization of the polygraph is that beguiling answers will create physiological reactions that can be separated from those related with non-tricky answers.
Legitimacy concerns the degree to which a methodology measures what it is asserted to quantify, and legitimacy can have a few segments including:
- Face legitimacy
- Content legitimacy
- Predictive (or rule) legitimacy
- Construct legitimacy
- Incremental legitimacy
Four unique tests
Polygraphic testing is based on theoretical assumptions without proper scientific evidence rendering its results quiet controversial. It is not admitted as evidence in most of the courts due to its inherent unreliability.
A wide range of polygraph tests exist, yet we will confine ourselves to quickly depicting the four most
famous polygraph tests.
- The Relevant/Irrelevant Technique
- The Control Question Test
- The Directed Lie Test
- The Guilty Knowledge Test
There are some points that are sought to be taken on a more serious note. Whenever there is a requirement to conduct the test on employees, they have to be informed on a prior note, and should be entitled with necessary information pertaining to the situation that involves them as well as the time, date, place where the test going to be conducted and the nature of the test.
Admissibility and Ethics of Lie Detector Tests
So if these tests are so precise, why aren’t they required in each circumstance where truth is at issue? Why burn through billions of dollars on jury trials and free prosecutors when we could simply “wire up” the key witnesses and get at reality with straightforward and no muss?
In UK, they are not allowable as proof in an official courtroom, with the exception of on account of sex wrongdoers and that as well, use here is intensely controlled. Polygraphs are not permissible in an official courtroom in America, however they were not long after they were imagined, in view of their generally disparate rates of exactness in distinguishing a lie, now and again as high as 95% and others as low as a possibility rate. No one can be compelled to experience a lie locator test without wanting to in many nations, UK and USA included. In case of their concurring, the procedure is disclosed to them before the test.
Lie-detector test is a UK based association offering countrywide expert polygraph testing. They have exceedingly prepared analysts and guarantee exact, reasonable and proficient evaluations. They have a code of ethic which they take after entirely.